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Zoológico de Curitiba / Zoo of Curitiba

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Zoológico de Curitiba / Zoo of Curitiba
about endangered animals
Image by Marcio Cabral de Moura
Zoológico de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil.
O Jardim Zoológico de Curitiba ocupa uma área de 530 mil m² e possui exemplares da fauna de todas as partes do mundo. São leões, tigres, chimpanzés, hipopótamos, girafas, grous, ariranhas e dezenas de outras espécies, num total de mais de 900 animais. As condições ideais de tratamento possibilitam a reprodução em cativeiro de animais como a lontra, o bisão, o lobo-guará, a arara-de-colar e a ararajuba. Na Casa do Acantonamento acontecem aulas de educação ambiental para crianças. Lanchonetes, banheiros, abrigos e um mirante de 40 metros de altura completam a infra-estrutura.

The lion (Panthera leo) is one of four big cats in the genus Panthera, and a member of the family Felidae. With some males exceeding 250 kg (550 lb) in weight, it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in Sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia with a critically endangered remnant population in northwest India, having disappeared from North Africa, the Middle East, and Western Asia in historic times. Until the late Pleistocene, which was about 10,000 years ago, the lion was the most widespread large land mammal after humans. They were found in most of Africa, much of Eurasia from western Europe to India, and in the Americas from the Yukon to Peru.

Lions live for around 10–14 years in the wild, while in captivity they can live over 20 years. In the wild, males seldom live longer than ten years as fights with rivals occasionally cause injuries. They typically inhabit savanna and grassland, although they may take to bush and forest. Lions are unusually social compared to other cats. A pride of lions consists of related females and offspring and a small number of adult males. Groups of female lions typically hunt together, preying mostly on large ungulates. The lion is an apex and keystone predator, although they will scavenge if the opportunity arises. While lions do not typically hunt humans selectively, some have been known to become man-eaters and seek human prey.

The lion is a vulnerable species, having seen a possibly irreversible population decline of 30 to 50 percent over the past two decades in its African range. Lion populations are untenable outside of designated reserves and national parks. Although the cause of the decline is not fully understood, habitat loss and conflicts with humans are currently the greatest causes of concern. Lions have been kept in menageries since Roman times and have been a key species sought for exhibition in zoos the world over since the late eighteenth century. Zoos are cooperating worldwide in breeding programs for the endangered Asiatic subspecies.

Visually, the male lion is highly distinctive and is easily recognized by its mane. The lion, particularly the face of the male, is one of the most widely recognized animal symbols in human culture. Depictions have existed from the Upper Paleolithic period, with carvings and paintings from the Lascaux and Chauvet Caves, through virtually all ancient and medieval cultures where they historically occurred. It has been extensively depicted in literature, in sculptures, in paintings, on national flags, and in contemporary films and literature.


Aruba Island Rattlesnake
about endangered animals
Image by rogersmithpix
These snakes are found only on the island of Aruba, where they are mostly limited to the rocky, dry southern tip of the island. Due to their extremely limited geographic range, about 230 animals left in the wild, and the ever encroaching human habitation into their territory (there is only about 25 square kilometers left undeveloped), the Aruba Island rattlesnake is among the rarest rattlesnakes in the world and listed as critically endangered. Unfortunately, while exporting from the island is illegal, it has no other legal protection on the island either. The snake is now a part of the Species Survival Plan for captive breeding.
... photographed at Adelaide Zoological Gardens, South Australia

about endangered animals
Image by Bush Philosopher - Dave Clarke
There's a very good little zoo at Pinjara (about 70km south of Perth, Western Australia) where they are successfully breeding tasmanian devils.

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